Substance Use Disorder

Substance abuse includes overuse of various medically and legally unwarranted drugs for numerous reasons; a maladaptive pattern of alcohol consumption and intake of illicit substances that are psychoactive in nature, slowly making the person dependent on them, and in long term clinically cause significant impairment of cognitive and psychological behaviour. Substance use begins with a harmless trial of experiencing various drugs, until a majority of people gradually fall prey of the addiction and fail to resist the craving, despite being aware of the hazardous consequences the substances can have on health, society and other facets of life.

 These drugs are consumed in different formats: – pills, injections, rolled into a cigarette and smoked, mixed in drinks, snorted as powder, or inhale the vapours. Banned or illicit substances contain ingredients that have tremendous capacity to alter the biochemical activities of the brain, unconstructively altering the judgemental and control skills, attention span and perceptions. Tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, tranquilizers, and club drugs like ecstasy and Rohypnol are made out of various plant extract or formulated in labs and illegally sold in various international markets under various commercial names. They contain chemicals that impair the normal functioning of heart, lungs, brain and digestive organs. Some are highly carcinogenic and almost all of these substances induce vomiting, hallucinations, cramps, dizziness, headaches and severe health hazards. Chronic use can set in seizures, high blood pressure, stroke, liver cirrhosis, cancer and finally comatose, fatally damaging the system permanently. Substance abused people develop tolerance over time and thus consume in larger quantity to gain the effect.

Causes

Use of illicit substances that control the psychological behaviour vehemently begins often in the teenage or adolescence. The common risk factors that contribute to a person’s likelihood to resort to drugs are:

  • Family disputes, violent parents, parental divorce or abused childhood
  • Heredity – sometimes easily acquired from parents or siblings
  • Poor societal status and lack of amenities like food and shelter
  • Abused neighbourhood, parental and social influence or devoid of attachment
  • Over expose in bad company and attending late night rave parties
  • Lack of confidence, poor interpersonal and social skills
  • Peer pressure or desperate need of seeking attention and approval
  • Aggression, depression and anxiety

Symptoms

Family members and close friends are the first ones to observe the following signs in those addicted to drugs and alcohol:

  • Find excuses to drink, smoke and do drugs
  • Always high on drugs and overly drunk
  • Poor performance at school and work
  • Erratic behaviour – irritation, anger and aggressiveness
  • Lose interest in regular activities, sports and work or lack of initiatives and willingness to socialize
  • Forgetfulness, petty thefts for money and valuables, lying, indulge in brawls and misdemeanour
  • Act selfishly and irreverently
  • Confined to room or isolated places and complain of depression, blackouts, hallucinations and anxiousness
  • Taking risks such as seeking extreme pleasure in drunken driving, violating laws, over-speeding and unnatural and unsafe sexual activities

Treatment

Sudden withdrawal from alcohol and drugs is a dangerous phase owning to the body’s resistance to already addicted toxic substances, causing seizures, heart failure, headaches and spasms, strokes and acute depression, anxiety and harbour suicidal tendency. It is nearly impossible to curb the habit without help since the craving eventually resurface as the drugs have altered the will power and strength to defy. People suffering from substance abuse disorder need rehabilitation through constant counselling, help while they struggle with withdrawal symptoms and appropriate medication to treat underlying mental disorders. Nevertheless, the foremost step is to accept the problem and commitment to get rid of the problem.

Substance abuse is an incessantly compulsive phenomenon, a dependency syndrome that takes control over a person’s desires and power of decision making to repeatedly use drugs and consume alcohol for attainment of a transient state of mind in which they fail to distinguish between reality and virtual. It is easier to bring back a person before they completely engulf into the cusps of those toxic substances, triggering uncontrollable anti-social behavioural attributes or plunge into chronic phase of depression and anxiety. Besides personal damage, the problem incurs huge financial and social expenditure on the governments, in addition to the criminal and immoral intends, and road rage by the highly intoxicated population.

Koya Mind Space in Hyderabad has been pivotal in its approaches through innovative and time-tested methods meant for individuals suffering from a range of psychological and mental disorders. The treatment is put together depending on the need, demand and budget of the patient. The team of doctors specialize in wide spectrum of psychological and psychiatric conditions, and adopt clinically proven methods. People visiting the facility with extreme alcohol and other addictions have been rehabilitated via comprehensive counselling, therapies and empathy. The patients feel motivated to overcome challenges embrace their problem and take on a positive attitude towards absolute recovery.

Leave a Comment