When day-to-day events tend to scale beyond manageable proportions, creating pressure and disturbance in a person’s life and overall wellbeing thus result in a state of stress. Stress being a mental state of mind, sprouts from personal attributes of failure to juggle with personal and professional priorities. One of the major reasons is the overwhelming desire or emotional attachment rather than adopting a balanced practical approach. Stress is again dependent on reaction to our surroundings giving rise to unpleasant feelings. The way a person deals with a situation is determinant to the stress impacting physical and physiological plight.


Under stress, the body machinery responds to the stimulus similar to a state of danger, releasing hormones that increase the heart and breathing rate; imparting energy bursts. Such a response is also known as ‘fight or flight’ stress. A certain amount of stress is considered healthy and important, for a person to feel pressurized and work hard towards realizing the task such as meet deadlines or winning a race. The factors that are root to stress are called “stressors”. The common causes of stress are:

  • Job loss or dissatisfaction
  • Overload of work or poor performance
  • Long work hours
  • Bereavement, Separation or divorce
  • Burden of finances
  • Chronic illness
  • Life events such as violence, theft or abuse
  • Fear, uncertainty, perceptions, unrealistic expectations and change


Constant stressful conditions affect the body’s capability by altering thoughts, feelings and behaviour. It is quite essential to recognize the manifestation of stress and acknowledge the common effects of stress that are:

  • Headache, Stomach ailments
  • Muscle and chest pain
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Anxiety and Insomnia
  • Anger and irritation, Sadness
  • Overwhelming feelings for no specific reason
  • Overeating or loss of appetite causing obesity or weight loss
  • Emotional outburst
  • Substance use and withdrawal from social activities


Mostly stress needs self-help and doctors abstain from prescription drugs unless there is any other serious illness, underlying in adjunct to the condition. Exercising emulates positive feelings; division of labour at work reduces the overload, assertively dealing with pressure by knowing where to say no, balanced diet, minimizing caffeine intake, time management and breathing techniques help appease the build-up of the circumstances that lead to stress. Stress management techniques under professional guidance is an effective alternative wherein aromatherapy, reflexology and psychotherapy counselling is followed to transform the inducing factors.

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