Psychosis

Psychosis is characterized by an individual’s mental condition or complete lack of association with reality. Psychosis is not a medical condition, rather a psychiatric state of mind in its own right. It is an umbrella term used to refer to a delusional state when a person starts imagining of beliefs, which do not exist or can procure evidence of actuality. Psychosis is frightening; people can hurt anyone without barring themselves under the spell of hallucinations and delusional thoughts.

Causes

  • Genetics: Schizophrenia is one of the result of psychosis, mostly common in those who have a parent or sibling suffering from the same problem.
  • Brain structure: Structural and biochemical changes in brain vary in people suffering from psychosis, have lesser gray matter.
  • Hormones: Women may experience post-partum psychosis due to altered hormones and lack of sleep while coping with disrupted patterns of the newborn.

Symptoms

Those who suffer from psychosis have unique set of symptoms according to the extent of their mental problems. However, all the signs of psychotic disorder are categorized under delusion, hallucinations, haphazard thoughts and complete lack of insight. Some of the symptoms are:

  • Visualize people who do not exist, seeing colours and shapes that are elusive, hear voices and sounds that others cannot, sense of touch, smell and taste without the actual tangibility of it
  • Remain delusional in thoughts of harming someone or consider oneself an important figure in society
  • Become angry for no obvious reasons
  • Spend more time in isolation, disinterested in talking to anyone
  • Sleeping during the day and stay awake at night
  • Remain neglected about personal hygiene and appearance, neither bath nor change clothes
  • Distressed and frightened

Treatment

Early intervention is quite helpful in the healing process. Treatment varies depending on the underlying illness, symptoms of the problem and health condition. Psychological, family and social intervention is provided to appease anxiety and depression, analyze the patient’s experiences, and help them achieve more meaningful thoughts and actions. Antipsychotics are prescribed to control extreme features of anxiety, violence and aggression after a thorough evaluation of medical history and health condition.

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