A group of mental problems, personality disorders result from long-term occurrence of erratic behaviour and thoughts that are hazardous to health and detrimental to the overall wellbeing. Personality disorders (PD) is marked by a developing pattern of mood swings, incoherent behaviour, self-deprecation, emotional outbursts and anxiousness. Such experiences are a cause of harmful behaviour and failed relationships. There is no accurate term used for this psychiatric illness, but often PD has been observed to co-exist with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and eating disorders. Common forms of PD are obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizoid disorder, paranoid and borderline PD. These problems can be from mild to severe.
The causes are still not completely clear, but mostly attributed to genetic, environmental and social factors such as traumatic life events. Structural and functional setup of brain also varies among the PD sufferers, often in the region that control emotions and impulses.
Common symptoms of people experiencing PDs are:
- Abandonment of reality and develop affinity to imaginative world
- Impulsive behaviour and desperate effort of thrills in unsafe sex, rash driving, binge eating and substance abuse
- Tendency to harm oneself and others, suicidal feeling
- Distorted self-esteem
- Paranoia and dissociated feelings
- Intense emotions and anger outbursts
- Hopelessness and emptiness
Various psychotherapies are helpful in countering the symptoms of PDs, the sessions assist in managing emotions, acquaint with reality, develop trust in others and build positive approach for constructive behavioural healing and gain comfort. Those with extreme bouts of the disorder might need in-patient treatment through medication and extensive therapy; mainly those who display high-risk of suicidal feeling and acute depression.