Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Who am I?

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously known as multiple personality disorder, is a rare, controversial and severe psychological problem. A sufferer attains two or more identities; the personality state varies with the mood, situation and mental plight of an individual. The distinction of identities is fragmented wherein one personality takes control of the other of the same person, depending on the lucidity of the mind. DID is associated with acute forgetfulness too, losing the memory of previous identity the person had acquired; oscillating between fragmented identities. There is some sort of emotional or environmental trigger for the person to mentally take the form of one of the identities and completely transform himself or herself as long as the feeling lasts.

In DID an individual switches between various identities or “alters”, each identity has a different age, characteristic features, race, gender and variance in behaviour than the actual person themselves. The consequences of the disorder are not an outcome of substance abuse or any other medical condition. Since DID is a reflection of an individual’s failure to integrate different aspects of their personality and thus visualize the same in multidimensional formal, the diagnosis too is quite complicated. The alters can be completely contrasting identities, emerging as a follow-up to a stressor and critically opine about the other identity with conflicting statement out in open. Each identity might consider the other one altogether as a different person and fail to associate with it or deny of even remembering such incidences of convergence, if questioned. The dilemma among researchers and therapists remain if every case of DID is completely genuine or not.

Causes

The complete etiology and science of DID is still elusive. While some believe DID is an act of hypnotism, on the other hand there are studies corroborating the occurrence as a result of childhood trauma and abuse. The accuracy is yet to be completely confirmed. DID is sometimes inherited from close bloodline and an outcome of severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Since DID is a rare condition, the symptoms and diagnosis is partially iatrogenic: – response to the therapists’ probe. However, brain-imaging analysis has shown clear evidences of transition of personalities due certain biochemical activities in brain.

Symptoms

Although it is exceptionally difficult to identify at an early stage of the disorder, most distinct symptoms of DID are:

  • Individuals experiencing various personalities, each with its own fragmented pattern perception and behavioural difference
  • Identities can range from two or more, going beyond 10 in some cases.
  • Often, 2 identities reportedly recurrently play the role without any distinct memory of each other, each with very different personality, history and name
  • There are specific personalities that emerge under similar environmental stimulus and take control at the expense of the other with completely fragmented knowledge of the other personality
  • Tremendous gap in memory of past and present; however, the dominating alter and protective personality traits might lucidly remember all the places and events, the submissive personalities habitually lose memory
  • Behavioural issue in DID child, cannot focus in school and in studies
  • Hallucinations, depression, anxiety and stress in normal state
  • Self-destruction out of guilt, helplessness and aggression

Treatment

DID entails long term psychotherapy wherein the different personalities are psychologically deconstructed and then slowly united into a single associated personality of the person, bringing back the person into present with personality that is more positive and has a constructive memory. Cognitive and other associated psychotherapies are adopted to focus on making the person realize the fragmentation is a complicated imagination of their mind and that the personalities are fabrication and extended version of their nightmares and flashbacks. Anti-depressant and anti-anxiety drugs help calm down other mental symptoms, while undergoing treatment.

Koya Mind Space in Hyderabad has been pivotal in its approaches through innovative and time-tested methods meant for individuals suffering from various psychological and mental disorders. The treatments are customized based on the requirement of the case study, need and budget of the patient. The team of doctors specialize in wide spectrum of psychological and psychiatric conditions, and adopt clinically proven methods. People visiting the facility have satisfactorily resolved their mental problems through positive approach and defined treatment.

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