Anxiety Disorders

 Anxiety in life is considered reasonable such as feeling anxious before an important interview, meeting or while facing critical decision-making. However, when people fail to surpass that transient stage, succumb to endless feeling of being worrisome, and amass apprehensions, the possibility is they are suffering from anxiety disorder. As per studies, every fifth elderly person ends up suffering from acute anxiety. Anxiety has become common among youth and adults too.

There are various types of anxiety disorders, most common being the General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), panic attacks and phobias. Another common anxiety is the Post- Traumatic Stress (PTSD); but the one that is mostly present at an early age is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). GAD affects almost 3% of the population, women being more often affected by the condition, yet the symptoms are less clinical and people manage to cope with the help of medical attention.

Causes

Failure to have control in one’s life and circumstances is one of the major causes of persistent anxiety that results in constant internal conflict. Common causes of anxiety are:

  • Work overload
  • Finances and relationships
  • Substance abuse or side effect of long term medication
  • Emotional trauma
  • Biological factors such as genetic programming and biochemistry of brain
  • Overly dominant environmental factors such as stress in life triggers ‘fight or flight
  • Personal attributes, e.g. lack of self-esteem and poor adaptation skills

Symptoms

Common symptoms of Anxiety disorders are:

  • Pressure built-up in chest consequential to palpitation
  • Sudden change in breathing pattern or shortening of breath
  • Restlessness, irritation and fatigue
  • Dizziness, nausea and occasional stumbling
  • Dry mouth and weird sensation in stomach
  • Sweating or numbness of hands and trembling
  • Haphazard change in body temperature, either sudden cold or hot many times
  • Sleeplessness, depressive feeling and suicidal thoughts

Treatment

General treatment to anxiety disorder is psychotherapy and medication or a combination of both. Tailored to the person’s need, a talk therapy is effective to ward off fear and restlessness. Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people learn to control their fears, thoughts, behaviour and responses; thereby imparting practical and social skills. Support groups are another method that benefits folks by sharing and drawing inspiration from other’s examples. Other techniques such as meditation and stress management alleviate the long-term impact of anxiety. Antidepressants drugs, anti-anxiety pills and beta-blockers are helpful in controlling the symptoms, yet cannot completely cure the problem unless a person takes charge of the condition and firmly incorporates other self-help methods.

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